Understanding How the Growth Factors in PRP Work to Accelerate Healing

Oct 01, 2023
Understanding How the Growth Factors in PRP Work to Accelerate Healing
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy is one of the biggest trends in health and wellness today. It has the power to accelerate healing, and if you’re wondering how it works, you’re in the right place. Read on to learn more.

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy is creating a huge buzz in health and wellness. It’s a cutting-edge treatment that can accelerate healing and promote tissue regeneration.

The secret lies in growth factors. Growth factors are proteins that are essential for healthy cells, and platelet-rich plasma is very rich in growth factors. William Graham, MD, and our team at Sporting Medicine in Charlotte, North Carolina, specialize in PRP therapy for rehabilitation, and in this blog, we delve into the science behind PRP and its growth factors.

The power of growth factors in PRP therapy

Platelet-rich plasma is a concentrated solution that we derive from your own blood. First, we draw a small sample of your blood. Then, we put it in a centrifuge, which separates the platelets from the other components in your blood.

Then, we inject this concentrated plasma into your treatment area, where it then releases growth factors to stimulate healing. Growth factors are proteins in your body that play a pivotal role in cell growth, tissue repair, and wound healing.

Some of the growth factors found in PRP include:

Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)

PDGF accelerates cell replication, collagen production, and the formation of new blood vessels. These processes help repair damaged tissue and promote overall tissue regeneration.

Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β)

TGF-β is instrumental in regulating cellular growth and cell differentiation. It provides structural support for new cells and contributes to tissue repair and collagen synthesis.

Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)

FGF promotes the growth of new blood vessels and the formation of connective tissue to aid in tissue repair and wound healing.

Epidermal growth factor (EGF)

EGF is essential to skin tissue growth and maintenance. It supports cell growth, differentiation, and wound healing.

How growth factors accelerate healing

When you get PRP therapy, the growth factors travel to the injured area and initiate a cascade of biological events that accelerate your body’s natural healing processes. Growth factors stimulate new cell growth, and they also guide stem cells to differentiate into specific types of cells that are needed for tissue repair.

More blood vessels

Certain growth factors, such as PDGF and FGF, start the formation of new blood vessels. With the added blood vessels, this means an improved blood supply. And with an improved blood supply, this means more oxygen and nutrients can be delivered to the injury site.

More collagen

Growth factors also stimulate the production of collagen, which is a structural protein that’s essential for tissue strength and elasticity. Collagen synthesis triggered by PRP therapy can help facilitate the growth of strong, functional tissue.

Less inflammation

Finally, some growth factors have anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce swelling and inflammation at the injury site. This can create a more conducive environment for healing.

Platelet-rich plasma therapy's effectiveness isn't limited to a specific type of injury or condition. Its regenerative potential can be harnessed for orthopedic injuries, musculoskeletal conditions, and more. The concentration of growth factors in PRP offers a natural and holistic approach to healing by utilizing your body's own resources to repair itself.

To find out more about the benefits of PRP therapy, call 704-503-9023 or book an appointment online with Sporting Medicine today.